What are bunions, and how are they treated?

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What Is a Bunion?

Bunions, also known as a “hallux valgus deformity” is a condition that causes the big toe of the foot to point towards the other toes. 

The first tarsal-metatarsal (TMT) joint is an important joint in the inner part of the middle of the foot. 

When this joint has too much looseness or movement, the condition is known as hypermobility or instability.

When this joint becomes hypermobile, the first metatarsal moves too much in one direction and the first toe compensates by moving too much in the other direction.

When this happens, a bunion develops. Bunions usually occur slowly.

As the deformity increases it may make it painful to walk or wear shoes. 

Bone spurs may also form in the joint of the big toe and cause pain when walking or bearing weight.

This condition is more common in women. It often affects women who wear tight shoes or high heels, but this condition can also be caused by repetitive actions with improper balance such as running or sports. 

Deformities in the foot or arthritis have also been known to cause bunions.

Patients with a bunion may experience the following symptoms:

  • A visible bump on the big toe
  • The appearance of the first and second toe being closer together (crowding)
  • Swelling, tenderness, or redness of the big toe
  • Pain when bearing weight
  • Stiffness and restricted motion in the big toe

At OrthoNeuro, our Board Certified Foot and Ankle Specialists have helped thousands of patients with bunions live active and healthy lives using the latest non-surgical and surgical procedures. 

Treatment Options for Bunions

In most cases, the Board Certified Foot and Ankle Specialists at OrthoNeuro are able to treat bunions without surgery.

Non-surgical treatment options can include:

  • Taping or padding of the foot
  • Changes in footwear
  • Shoe inserts (orthotics)
  • Anti-inflammatory medications

In severe cases, a procedure known as a bunionectomy may be recommended to correct the bone deformity in the toe and relieve pain.

Patients who are experiencing the symptoms of a bunion should not delay a diagnosis.

The decision of what treatments are best for you will be determined by what you and your OrthoNeuro Specialist feel are best. 

Make an Appointment with an OrthoNeuro Specialist Today!

If you have been suffering the symptoms of a bunion, schedule an appointment with one of our Board Certified Foot and Ankle Specialists at one of our 7 convenient locations throughout Greater Columbus. 

Best of all, most patients can be seen within 24 hours of making an appointment.

Foot, Ankle, and Podiatry Specialists

If you have an acute injury or live with chronic foot and ankle pain in Call OrthoNeuro today or make an appointment online for expert foot and ankle care in Columbus, Ohio.

Nicholas A. Cheney, DO, FAOAO

Orthopedic Foot & Ankle Surgeon

Jeffrey E. Gittins, DO

Orthopedic Surgeon

Ralph J. Napolitano Jr., DPM, CWSP, FACFAS


Very nice staff. They got me in and out quickly, had to get surgery, and they made sure that was all set up and aftercare was clear

Dena T.