Conditions & Treatments
The shoulder provides more flexibilty than any other part of the body. The two main bones of the shoulder are the humerus and the scapula (shoulder blade).
The top portion of the scapula, the acromion, attaches to the clavicle, or collar bone. The end of the scapula, called the glenoid, holds the ball-like head of the humerus in place and acts as a flexible ball-and-socket joint.
Four short muscles originate on the scapula and pass around the shoulder where their tendons fuse together to form the rotator cuff.
Between the bones and joints of the shoulder and elbow are fluid-filled sacs, known as a bursa, that help the bones and joints glide smoothly. When one or more of these bursa becomes impinged or inflamed it is referred to as bursitis. Bursitis is commonly caused by a bone spur in the shoulder or elbow irritating the bursa. Bursitis is common among those whose daily activities require repetitive overhead motions or lifting.
If you have shoulder or elbow bursitis the common symptoms can include:
- Pain in the elbow or shoulder
- Difficulty lifting your arm overhead
Biceps muscle deformity
Rotator Cuff Tear
The rotator cuff consists of four muscle tendons that attach to the top of the shoulder and the rotator cuff helps hold the shoulder in its socket and rotates and raises the arm. Rotator Cuff Tears can be caused by an accident or injury, such as a fall or direct impact onto the shoulder, or as the result of wear and tear of the shoulder.
Biceps Tendon Tear
Biceps tendon tear. These injuries occur when there are one or more small tears in the tendon, but the tendon is still attached to the shoulder and/or elbow.
Biceps tendon rupture. This injury is often more serious and occurs when the biceps tendon is completely torn from its attachment to the bones of the shoulder or elbow.
If you have a biceps tendon injury the common symptoms can include:
- Pain in the biceps
- Biceps muscle deformity
Many SLAP Tears occur as the result of a trauma such as an accident or forceful blow to the shoulder or if the shoulder is dislocated. In other cases, the labrum is torn over time due to repetitive strain, repetitive overhead motions, heavy lifting or arthritis within the shoulder joint itself that frays the labrum.
AC Joint Injury
- Type I – the AC ligament is slightly torn, but there’s no damage to the other ligaments
- Type II = the AC ligament is completely torn, and there’s little or no damage to other ligaments.
- Type III = both the AC and other ligaments are completely torn. In this case, the collar bone separates from the end of the shoulder blade.
Broken Clavicle (Collar Bone)
If you have a clavicle fracture the common symptoms can include:
- Shoulder pain
- Swelling or bruising
- A bump or lump in the shoulder
- Difficulty moving the shoulder
Frozen Shoulder Syndrome
If you have a shoulder impingement the common symptoms can include:
- Shoulder pain
- Shoulder stiffness
- Pain when raising the shoulder
- Pain when putting on a shirt or jacket
Rotator Cuff Repair
Total Shoulder Replacement
Reverse Shoulder Replacement
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