Sprains & Strains

What are they, and how are they treated?

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What Are Sprains & Strains?

Sprains and strains are very common injuries that share very common causes and symptoms. However, they both involve different parts of the body.


A sprain occurs when ligaments are stretched or torn beyond their normal range. Ligaments are tough bands of fibrous tissue that connect bone to bone.

Sprains occur in the ankles, knees, wrists, and thumbs. The ankle is the most common joint to be sprained.


A strain occurs when a muscle or tendon is stretched or torn beyond its normal range. A tendon is a fibrous cord of tissue that connects muscles to bones. The lower back and hamstrings are the most common muscles to be strained.


Sprains often occur while walking or exercising on an uneven surface, quickly pivoting during physical activity, landing on an outstretched hand during a fall, skiing, or playing racquet sports.

Strains often occur due to slipping on ice, running, jumping, throwing, lifting heavy objects, or lifting in an awkward position.


Symptoms of a sprain include pain, swelling, bruising, limited ability to move the injured joint, and a loud “pop” at the time the injury occurs.

Symptoms of a strain include pain, swelling, muscle spasms, and a limited ability to move the affected muscle.


Treatment of sprains and strains depends on the severity of the injury and the joint or muscle involved. In mild to moderate cases of sprains and strains, rest and ice are sufficient treatment. 

In severe sprains and strains, immobilization with a brace or splint may be necessary. In rare cases of a severely torn ligament or a ruptured muscle, surgery may be needed.

Make an Appointment with an OrthoNeuro Knee Specialist Today!

If you have been experiencing symptoms of a muscle or tendon strain, schedule an appointment with one of our Board Certified Orthopedic and Sports Medicine Specialists at one of our 7 convenient locations throughout Greater Columbus. 

We will evaluate your unique lifestyle and goals to determine which type of treatment is best for you.

Knee Specialists

If you have a severe knee injury or chronic knee pain that reduces your mobility or quality of life, contact OrthoNeuro to schedule a consultation. Our expert orthopedic surgeons are on hand to diagnose and treat your knee problem.

Michael B. Cannone, DO

Orthopedic Surgeon

Mark E. Gittins, DO, FAOAO

Orthopedic Surgeon

Ryan M. Palmer, DO

Orthopedic Surgeon

B. Rodney Comisar, MD, FAAOS

Orthopedic Surgeon

Mark T. Kolich, D.O.

Orthopedic Surgeon

Keith A. LaDu, DO

Orthopedic Surgeon

Jeremy R. Mathis, DO

Orthopedic Surgeon

Meniscus repair six months ago. Surgery went smoothly. Dr. set realistic expectations that have been met. Great team to work with