What is scoliosis, and how is it treated?

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What Is Scoliosis?

Scoliosis is a spinal deformity that causes either an S-shaped or C-shaped curvature of the spine. The condition is commonly seen in adolescents but can also develop progressively as an adult.

It’s important to schedule a consultation with a Spine Specialist if you believe to have scoliosis pain.

In some cases, scoliosis causes no other symptoms other than those that can be seen as physical imbalances (curvature of the spine, misalignment of hips, misalignment of shoulders).

However, in other cases, scoliosis may cause pain and other issues such as sciaticaspine fractures, or the compression of internal organs.

There are different types of scoliosis and the types vary according to the causes of scoliosis.

The types of scoliosis are divided into 4 main groups:

Idiopathic scoliosis  It is by far the most common type of scoliosis and it is also the only type that does not have a definite origin. It represents more than half the cases in the world. 

Neuromuscular scoliosis It occurs due to neurological and muscular primary alterations such as “muscular dystrophy”, myelomeningocele, or Chiari malformation.

Congenital scoliosis It is caused by malformations in the bones of the spine (vertebrae) and hip from birth.

Traumatic scoliosis As the name suggests, it originates from a strong blow or accident to the spine.

What Are the Degrees of Scoliosis?

There are three degrees of scoliosis. These degrees can change over time so it is important to be regularly examined based on your OrthoNeuro Spine Specialists recommendation.  

The degrees of scoliosis are:

Mild All curves with a deviation of up to 20 degrees are called mild or slight scoliosis. It is the most common degree of scoliosis.

Moderate All curves with deviation from 20 to 40 degrees.

Severe Curves that have more than 40 degrees of deviation from the spine are considered severe scoliosis.

How Is Scoliosis Treated at OrthoNeuro?

Determining the treatment for scoliosis typically depends on the severity of the scoliosis and any physically limiting symptoms.

Patients may be monitored over months or years to see if there are any changes in the curvature and if that change is causing other symptoms or limitations as well as the age of the patient.

At OrthoNeuro, our Board Certified Spine Specialists offer a variety of treatment options based on your unique scoliosis cause, curvature, and progression.

Treatment options can include:

Physical Therapy


Scoliosis correction surgery

The Board Certified Spine Specialists at OrthoNeuro are experts in Scoliosis and have helped thousands of patients live an active and healthy lifestyle.

Make an Appointment with an OrthoNeuro Spine Surgeon Today!

If you have scoliosis, schedule an appointment with one of our Board Certified Spine Specialists at one of our 7 convenient locations throughout Greater Columbus. 

We will evaluate your unique lifestyle and goals to determine which type of treatment is best for you.

Spine Care Specialists

If you live with chronic back or neck pain, contact OrthoNeuro in Columbus, Ohio, for state-of-the-art diagnosis and personalized spine care treatment plans to heal your spine, relieve your pain, and help you get back to your regular activities.

Ying H. Chen, DO, FACOS


Paul H. Eichenseer, DO

Orthopedic Spine Surgeon

David K. Kim, MD

Orthopedic Spine Surgeon

Donald J. Rohl, DO

Orthopedic Spine Surgeon

Larry Todd, DO

Orthopedic Spine Surgeon

Mark A. White, DO


Daniel P. Pap, MD

Interventional Pain Specialist

Siddharth Shetgeri, DO


Dustin Reynolds, M.D.

Interventional Pain Management Specialist

“I recently had surgery on my lower back. I had heard that such surgery would result in pain and cause me difficulties in doing ordinary daily tasks but, I experienced no pain and was able to do normal activities at home and at church. Also, being a bee keeper, I was able to work the hives and extract the honey from most of the hives”

James B.